The Virgin Mary's Birth and Death Dates

by John P. Pratt
6 Feb 2014 (1 Reed)
©2014 by John P. Pratt. All rights Reserved.

Index, Home

1. Glastonbury Traditions
1.1. Mary's Death Date
1.2. Mary's Birth Date
2. Calender Links
2.1 Links to Jesus
2.2 Links to Great Women
2.3 Links to Adam and Eve
3. Mary's Constellations
3.1 The Virgin
3.2 The Infant Prince
4. Conclusion
Birth and death dates are proposed for the Virgin Mary, derived from Glastonbury traditions and confirmed by links to Christ, great women of the Bible, and even Adam.

The Virgin Mary may well have been given the most important assignment of any woman who ever lived: being the mother of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. What do we know about her? Do we even know how old she was when she gave birth to the blessed fruit of her womb? How long did she live? What happened to her after her son was crucified? This article proposes answers to those questions.

"Mary" by Michael S. Parker
(by Michael S. Parker)
The starting point for this article is a detailed collection of history and tradition about Glastonbury, England, concerning the First Century AD. Whereas in medieval times these tales were taken very seriously as true history, in modern times much of ancient history is rejected out of hand as mere fables from the imaginations of minstrels. So before even beginning to look at the traditions, consider the question of how one can separate truth from fiction in these legends.

When this author began his work, he considered a wide variety of ancient works which claimed to record birth and death dates of many of the ancient prophets and patriarchs. As sacred calendars were discovered, they provided a way to check on the validity of these sources. Two examples are the Book of Jubilees and the Book of Jasher. Each provided many precise dates. When those dates were subjected to the scrutiny of checking them on a variety of sacred calendars, clear patterns were discovered. All of the dates given in the Book of Jubilees appear to be totally random. On the other hand, nearly every date in the Book of Jasher resulted in an amazing interconnected web of holy days, where the patriarchs and their wives were nearly all born on sacred dates on both the (Perpetual) Hebrew Calendar and also the Native American Sacred Round.

A very important feature of these interwoven patterns was that there was almost always a parent-child link, meaning both parent and child were born or died on the same day on one sacred calendar. Moreover, there were husband-wife links as well. And usually the dates were not only holy days on those two calendars, but also on many other sacred calendars as well. Thus, this author has accepted the Book of Jasher as authentic, whereas most scholars reject it as a medieval invention. On the other hand, to me the Book of Jubilees is fiction because all of the dates within it seem spurious and invented.

This article uses the same method to confirm at least part of the traditions of Glastonbury. In addition, the web of links to other dates such as those of Rebekah, Rachel, and Miriam also provide confirmation of their proposed birth and death dates. In such a linked web, each point tends to testify of the correctness of all other points, because of the statistical odds against so many links even being possible by random chance.

A few general explanations seem needed. First, let it be understood that nearly all of the dates listed in all of my papers are "proposed", but they are usually referred to as if they were certain. If the word "proposed" were put before every date, the reader would soon tire of it. The precise dates of all events mentioned in this article are listed in the Religious Chronology Summary on my website, along with references to the papers in which they were derived. Thus, most dates of those events are not explicitly given in this article. Moreover, the web of interconnectedness is such a strong witness to the validity of every date that in my view there really is very little doubt that nearly all proposed dates are correct. Also many of the dates are firmly tied to history, such as the date of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Glastonbury_&_Somerset Map
Figure 1. Glastonbury in Somerset
This article refers to several sacred calendars, which have been discussed in earlier papers. These include the Native American Sacred Round (SR), Perpetual Hebrew Calendar (PHC), the Uniform Enoch (UE), Venus (V), Mercury (M), Jubilee (J), and Priest (P) Calendars. Basic information on each can be found on my website, but no detailed information on any of them is required to understand this article. The main point is that many events occurred on the same holy day on those various calendars. When two dates coincide that way, they are said to be a "link" between the events. That only means they occurred on the same sacred calendar day. Every date mentioned in this paper is a "holy day" on that sacred calendar. There are usually about 20-30 holy days per year, so about 1 in 10 days is a holy day. In the case of the Venus Calendar, there are only 18 holy days in 585, so only 1 in 32 is holy. But when two events occur on exactly the same day of a calendar, as is the case with "linked" dates, there only about a 1 in 300 chance that could occur by random chance.

1. The Glastonbury Traditions

St. Michael's church atop the hill Tor mount
St. Michael's church tower on the Glastonbury Tor (Mount)
There are very old and respected histories which claim that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was taken by Joseph of Arimathea shortly after the Crucifixion to the town of Avalon, in what the Romans called Britannia. That was a name given it by the Britons (now called Welsh). Centuries later the Saxons renamed it Glastonbury, located is what is now called Somerset, England (See Fig. 1). Joseph was most likely Mary's uncle. In any case he must have been a close relative of Jesus in order to be allowed to claim His body. Traditions claim that Joseph was a well known tin trader and had often visited the tin mines in the British Isles. It is not the purpose of this article to discuss these traditions in detail, which are readily available elsewhere. The only tradition important for this article is that of the date of Mary's death. The supporting evidence presented here for that traditional death year provides support to the entire tradition of her having indeed spent her final days at Avalon.

1.1 Mary's Death Date

The best quotation known to me of a historical record of Mary's death date is the following:

"The old ecclesiastical records of Glastonbury, confirmed by many other ancient writers, also state that the Virgin Mary departed this life in the year AD 48. Several other early documents are reputed to bear this out."[1]

Hut based on excavations at Glastonbury
Hut based on Glastonbury excavations
A search of sacred calendar dates leads to only one possibility, and it turns out to be one of the most amazing dates in history. The time proposed for Mary's death is the afternoon of Sat 26 Sep 48, being a holy day on seven of the ten sacred calendars known to this author. The day was 1 Tishri (Feast of Trumpets PHC), 1 Adult (V), 1 Resurrection (M), 1 Storm (SR), 14 Autumn (Feast of Tabernacles UE), epo (Great Day of the Feast of Tabernacles), and 1 Huppah (Priest). Very few days in history are simultaneous holy days on so many calendars. Each year Easter Sunday morning is usually the most sacred day of the year, being holy on three or four of them. For comparison, the birth date of Jesus was sacred on five, but his Resurrection was sacred on eight, which is the holiest day found so far.

Just looking at each of her holy dates alone, the most impressive is her death date on the Jubilee Calendar. First, it is the last day of the year, which is the Last Day of the Feast of Tabernacles, one of the holiest days of the entire year. Second, it was also the last day of an entire jubilee of 49 years. That is a sacred year and greatly increases the rarity of the day. If that were the only holy day it would be impressive because that day only occurs once every 49 years.

1.2 Mary's Birth Date

After Mary's death date was discovered, it wasn't really expected that her birth date could be found because the year was not known. On the other hand, the tradition is that she was a young virgin. In those days betrothal at age 14-16 was common, if not expected, so only a few years needed to be searched.

As has been reported in the earlier papers, there is generally a link between the birth dates of a parent and child on at least one sacred calendar. That means that either the birth or death date of the parent will coincide with the birth or death date on one of their children. In this case, a link between Mary and Jesus was clearly expected. But no such dates existed in the three year interval considered, which was surprising. That is one reason her birth date had not be found before.

Then an exhaustive search was done looking for an impressive date which would link to her death date, because very often there are also birth-death links. The search resulted in one of the most impressive dates in history. As will be explained below, to me there is no question that it is Mary's birth date because of all the links to several of the great women of history, including even to Eve. Once that date was found, many links were found to the life of Jesus, but just not to either his birth or death date as had been assumed earlier.

The proposed time for the birth of the Virgin Mary is Sun 5 Dec 19 BC, between 6 a.m. and noon. That time interval was sacred on six sacred calendars: 1 Kislev (PHC), 1 Birth (V), 1 Birth (M), 1 Wind (SR), 1 Autumn (Feast of Trumpets UE), and 1 Eliashib (Priest). But in this case, two of the holy days count extra because they fall not just on one of the twenty per year, but on the very day representing the event. That is, on both the Venus and Mercury Calendars the day is 1 Birth, which is the one day per cycle that represents birth. That is a stunning birth date, one of the rarest in all of history. Its correctness is witnessed by many links to those same women as is her death date.

Given that the birth date of Christ was one of the first established in this author's work, being the evening preceding Thu 6 Apr 1 BC, we can now calculate that Mary was betrothed (engaged) at age 16, and Jesus was born when she was 17 years old. The above portrait of Mary was chosen because she could be that age and because she has blond hair which matches some traditions.

2. Calendar Links

There are a nearly unbelievable number of calendar links between the proposed birth and death dates for Mary and many other notable people and events of Biblical history. The word "links" is used in my work to refer to when two events happen on the same day of the same sacred calendar. In Mary's case there are so many, they are divided into three areas: those with her son Jesus, those with the ancient great women, and those with Adam and Eve.

2.1 Links to Jesus

Mary-Jesus Calendar Links
Figure 2. Mary's links to the Life of Jesus
Let us now consider several links to key events in the life of her son Jesus. While surprisingly there were no links between her and her son's birth or death dates, there were at least seven links to key sacred events in His life. Most of those events were also the great events of her life which she shared with Him, such as the coming of the wise men (magi).

First of all, the day on which the law of Moses commanded her to present Jesus to the priest at the temple, was the day 1 Birth on the Mercury Calendar. That coincided with her day of birth, also being 1 Birth (M).

Next, the day proposed for the visit of the magi only thirteen days later coincided with her birthday on the Priest Calendar. It was also the Feast of Firstfruits (PHC) and holy on many calendars, but right now only ties to Mary's birth or death dates are being considered.

The day on which the holy couple began their trip to Egypt coincided with her birthday also, both being 1 Birth on the Venus Calendar. Those are all the known links to events in both the lives of Mary and her son.

The next two links are to the day of the baptism of Jesus. That day completed exactly 47 Uniform Enoch years to the very day from her birth. It was also exactly 19 Jubilee years from that baptism date to her death. That is very unusual to have to links to an event in someone else's life. It would be more expected to have such links to a person's own baptism date. The question arises of just when Mary was baptized. Many people were baptized on the same day as Jesus because it was the Day of Atonement on the Judean Calendar, the day for making covenants with God. Was Mary baptized too that same day?

Even more surprising is that there are three links to the day of the Transfiguration of Jesus. That day completed 50 Uniform Enoch years from her birth. Moreover it completed exactly to the very day 70 Sacred Rounds of 260 days each. That is, starting on her birth date as day 1, the day of the Transfiguration was day number 18,200, the last day of 70 Sacred Rounds. And finally, it was also 22 Jubilee years from that day to her death. The meaning of those three links eludes me, but they should be reported as being beyond chance. Something very important may have been going on in her life also on that day.

2.2 Links to Great Women

Virgin Mary links to great women
Figure 3. Links between Mary's and great women's birth and death dates
There are several women in the Bible that have much in common with the Virgin Mary. It is to them that one would expect to find links.

The first of these is Miriam, the sister of Moses. The name Mary is the English translation of the Hebrew name Miriam, and this similarity alone is important because the names of prophets and prophetesses are given by inspiration and carry deep meaning.

Another woman with which one would expect to find ties is Rachel. First, both Rachel and Mary gave birth to a choice son at Bethlehem, even though neither lived there. Moreover, while Rachel was giving birth to that son Benjamin, Rachel died there. So Mary and Rachel are tied through birth/death events at the same city. Finally, the slaughter of the infants by King Herod fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah that Rachel would be weeping for her children (Mat. 2:18).

Comparing the proposed birth and death dates for Mary to those of all the great women published so far indeed led to an amazing number of links to Rebekah, Rachel, Leah and Miriam. On the other hand, there were almost none to other great women.

The number of links between the birth and death dates of Mary and those four other women was thirteen. That is an incredible number of links between ten possible dates. That is so unusual that it was clear that those four women each had a link to Mary, whereas not always to each other. In other words, it is as if Mary is at the hub of a wheel, with links like spokes going out to the other women at the circumference. That is shown in Fig. 3 for 12 of the links. The links to Leah are all to her birth date, and Leah and Rachel were twins, so the links may really be only to Rachel. Nevertheless, the links to Leah are real and so are shown. After all, Mary is a descendant of Leah, mother of Judah.

In Fig. 3, the day name on each spoke is a holy day, being either Mary's birth or death date, which matches the birth or death date of the woman the spoke connects with. The most remarkable feature is that all five women were born on 1 Birth (V). The day only occurs once every 585 days, so that is absolutely amazing for all to be born on the very day representing birth. The other spokes represent days on five different sacred calendars.

Husband-wife and Parent-child Venus Calendar Links
Figure 4. Parent-child and husband-wife links of great women
Lest someone accuse me of doctoring the data (technically known as "fudging"), let it be remembered that the birth and death dates for these other four women were all published by 2005. Finding two plausible dates for Mary that link in so many ways to those four women is far beyond chance. Let it also be remembered that the way those four women's vital dates were determined was not only by finding rare holy days, but by looking for husband-wife and parent-child links between them.

There are so many links between those four women and their husbands and children that it would be very difficult to show them all in one illustration. To simplify it, Fig. 4 presents all of the known such links on only the Venus Calendar for Rebekah, Leah and Rachel. Note that in every case, each woman is linked to her husband and to her son by birth or death dates. This illustration is included to show how their birth and death dates were determined long before Mary's and by an entirely different method. Thus, the amazing number of links to Mary with the very women expected (5 links to Rachel!) provide powerful additional witnesses both to the correctness of Mary's dates as well as those of the women she links to.

2.3 Links to Adam and Eve

Just how important is the Virgin Mary in the big scheme of things? How would you rank Mary among all the women of the earth? In the former section we saw that instead of Mary being somewhat like the great women of Rebekah, Rachel and Miriam, it was really more the other way around. That it, all of them were something like her, as if she were the hub and they the spokes.

Links Between the Virgin Mary and Adam & Eve
Figure 5. Links Between the Virgin Mary and Adam & Eve
So how would Mary rate compared to Eve, the Mother of all mankind? Research was done to see if there was any meaning to the fact that had been noticed that Mary died on the day that Adam first breathed. That research led to an amazing number of links to both Adam and Eve. Those are

In my work, three witness are usually required for me to mention a calendrical link as being significant. Here we have five links, and the last three are all between the Fall of Adam and Mary's death.

Another interesting point is that Adam was exactly 66 Uniform Enoch years old when he fell. Mary lived 66 Uniform Enoch years plus two weeks. That two week difference corresponds to the two weeks between the Fall of Eve and the Fall of Adam.

3. Mary's Constellations

The results of the previous section raise the question of just what Mary has to do with the Fall of Adam. One of the main focus points of the mission of her son Jesus was to overcome death, which had been introduced by Adam and Eve. As Paul said, "For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (1 Cor. 15:22). Adam and Christ are closely tied together.

Mary is also linked to Adam and Eve because her son is. This was actually explicitly stated to the serpent on the day on which Adam, Eve and the serpent were judged by the Lord for their actions. That only became clear to me on the very day this article is being published (1 Reed, the birthday of Jesus Christ on the Sacred Round), when the following three paragraphs were written.

The Serpent Bearer Crushing the Scorpion's Head
Figure 6. The Serpent Bearer crushing the Scorpion.
(click to enlarge)
That day the Lord said to the serpent:

And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. (Gen. 3:15)

Until this morning, the next two sentences read: "This great promise to Eve is that her seed, meaning descendant, would someday overcome the serpent, who enticed her to fall. Because of this scripture, Jesus Christ is sometimes referred to as the Seed of Woman". That was my understanding until today, and surely it is stated several times in my earlier work. What has changed now is that it was clearly a forced interpretation that this was a promise made to Eve. The Lord was addressing the serpent! Eve is not explicitly mentioned, but only "the woman", who has been assumed to be Eve. After all, Eve had not even been named yet, and was called "the woman" just two verses earlier and the next verse. But when Adam was given his punishment, Eve is clearly referred to as "your wife".

Jesus is indeed the descendant of Eve and "seed" often is used to refer to descendants. He is also a descendant of Adam and everyone in Mary's genealogical line. However, when it comes to identifying one particular woman, that is, "the woman", He was actually the seed of Mary. Mary was the mother of Jesus Christ. Thus, it now appears to me that it may be Mary who was referred to as "The Woman".

Everything mortal that Jesus inherited came through his mother. In particular, mortality itself, meaning being subject to death. So with some reflection, it should not be so surprising that there is a triple link between the Fall of Adam and the Virgin Mary.

3.1 The Virgin

Virgo as depicted by Elijah Burritt (1835).
Figure 7. Virgo as depicted by Elijah Burritt (1835)
(click to enlarge)
In previous articles, the inspired origin of the star figures called constellations has been discussed. The Book of Enoch attributes them to being revealed by an angel to the ancient prophet Enoch. That promise that the Seed of The Woman would crush the serpent's head was so important that it was preserved in several constellations. In particular, the Serpent Bearer is holding the Serpent, which is attempting to get the Crown. That man has his right foot on the head of the Scorpion (considered a "serpent" in Biblical usage), and his left foot has been stung in the heel by that scorpion. Thus, several constellations join to tell that story. Elijah Burritt's 1835 rendition of all of those constellations is shown in Figure 6, drawn precisely according to ancient Greek descriptions, who in turn received them from even more ancient traditions.

Isis holding Horus from the Egyptian Dendera Temple
Figure 8. The Virgin is the largest zodiac constellation, overflowing her boundary lines. The Virgin holds wheat seed in her left hand.
(click for entire zodiac)
The largest constellation in the great circle of stars called the zodiac is Virgo, the Virgin (or Maiden). She holds wheat seed in her left hand, and the only bright star in the constellation is found in that seed. It is named Spica, meaning the "ear of wheat". There are probably many meanings for Virgo, but one is that it represents Mary, the Virgin mother of Jesus Christ, the Seed of The Woman. Moreover, Jesus identified Himself as the grain of wheat (John 12:24).

3.2 The Infant Prince

There is another very important constellation which was either lost to the Greeks or changed by them. There is a tradition about how one Greek astronomer created a constellation in honor of Queen Bernice. He named it Bernice's Hair (Coma Berenices). It is not on other ancient lists such as that of the Persians. The location of Bernice's Hair is near the Virgin. In the Egyptian star map at the temple at Dendera, the constellation is shown as a queen (usually identified with Isis) holding an infant god (Horus).

A few years ago, this author undertook the project of restoring that lost constellation. It was noticed that the stars in that area exactly fit the shape drawn at Dendera, namely a woman sitting on a chair, holding up an infant-sized man. There is an entire article devoted to restoring that constellation, which was named "The Infant Prince". The figure was drawn to depict Mary holding the infant god Jesus.[2] A comparison of the ancient and modern renditions of this constellation is shown in Fig. 9.

Isis holding Horus from the Egyptian Dendera Temple Constellation of the Infant Prince (Mary P. Parker, 2014)
Figure 9. Two versions of the Infant Prince
(click on each to see location near the Virgin)
It is a real witness to the importance of Mary that there are two of the 48 constellations that depict her, with one of them holding the seed representing Christ and the other holding the Holy Infant. The greatest men of history may have one or two constellations, and the Savior has many. Although there are other women depicted in the stars, it is not known to me than any other woman has two devoted to her. If that is an acceptable ranking method, it would put Mary in the number one place of all women in history.

4. Conclusion

Starting from the historical date of AD 48 for the Virgin Mary's death, precise dates are proposed for both Mary's birth and death. It is then shown that her proposed dates tie to sacred events in the life of Jesus, including all of the Biblical key events of his youth with her. Moreover, her two dates are identical to the already published birth and/or death dates of Rebekah, Rachel, Leah and Miriam on five different sacred calendars in thirteen different ways. Then it is shown that Mary's dates link to the Fall of Adam and Eve in five different ways. Finally it is reviewed how there are two constellations which seem to symbolize Mary, attesting to her key role in history. It is concluded that such is a testimony that she may well be the most important woman in all of history, being the mother of the Son of God.


  1. Capt, E. Raymond, The Traditions of Glastonbury (Thousand Oaks, Ca: Artisan Sales, 1983), p. 53. This is the best summary known to me of the traditions. It is very well researched, and not subject to the out-of-hand skeptical rejection so common in more modern summaries. This book is highly recommended, especially if you have ever wondered who Linus and Claudia are, from whom Paul sends greeting from Rome to Timothy (first bishop of Ephesus), just before Paul's martyrdom (2 Tim. 4:21). The tradition is that they are British royalty converted to Christianity in Britannia but then living in Rome. Paul (not Peter) ordained Linus to be the first bishop of Rome, through whom the popes of the Catholic church claim priesthood descent (see Wikipedia article). There is also a good summary of the history of King Arthur, said to be buried at Avalon. He was the Christian British king fighting in the sixth century against the pagan Saxons.
  2. Pratt, John P., "Lost Constellation Testifies of Christ" Meridian Magazine (14 Jul 2004).